We've got over 600 castles in Wales. That's more castles per square mile than any other country in the world. And we've looked after the remains of our past.
All over Wales, you can visit ancient castles where famous battles were fought. Here's just a taster of some of our more well-known castles:
[View of the Cardiff Castle's courtyard from the Keep]
Slap bang in the middle of our capital city, Cardiff Castle is one of Wales’ biggest tourist attractions. It’s an impressive example of a fortress, first established by the Normans in 1106. And only a two minute walk from our city centre shops.
Near Bangor in North West Wales, Penrhyn Castle stands guard over the magnificent views of Snowdonia. If you get bored of the unique furniture collection, the huge private art collection, and the Victorian kitchen then the castle also has an adventure playground in its grounds.
A castle of fairy tales. Also called the Red castle, Castell Coch, South East Wales was built and designed in the 19th century for the third Marquess of Bute to embody romantic medieval legend. It has a beautifully designed courtyard and main banqueting hall.
Built by Edward I, Caernarfon is one of Europe’s great medieval fortresses. On 1 July 1969, the castle held the ceremony where Charles Windsor was made the Prince of Wales. Caernarfon Castle is one of Wales' World Heritage Sites located in North West Wales.
Another castle that forms a World Heritage site, Beaumaris Castle is on the beautiful Island of Anglesey, North West Wales. This 13th-century castle is the most technically perfect in Britain, although it was never finished.
Situated on the shore of Cardigan Bay in Mid Wales, Harlech Castle played a key role in the national uprising led by Owain Glyndŵr. It fell to his forces in 1404 and became Glyndŵr's residence and headquarters. It was also the location for the longest siege in British history, 7 years, from 1941-1948, during the 15th century Wars of the Roses. A battle that led to the creation of one of Wales most famous songs, Men of Harlech. The Caslte forms a part of one of Wales' World Heritage Sites.
A Norman rectangular castle situated in Pembrokeshire, South West Wales. It takes its name from the Carew family who still own the castle and land.
Located alongside the River Wye, in the border town of Chepstow, South East Wales, the castle is the oldest surviving post-Roman stone fortification in the United Kingdom. The castle was originally known as Striguil after it was constructed in 1067.
Originally built in 1093 and then fortified by William Marshall, one of the most powerful men in Britain in the 12th century, the castle had strategic importance in South West Wales. A norman powerbase, the Welsh were never able to sack the castle despite several attempts.
The castle and town walls of Conwy are an impressive sight! Built by King Edward I during his conquest of the region, the defenses set the king back £15,000 - a costly amount at the time.
Laugharne Castle was the location for a peace treaty during King Henry II's reign of England and Wales to end the Welsh rebellion in 1171-1172, a location of significant importance during Owain Glyndwr's famous uprising and a castle which was seized by the Royalists during the English Civil War.
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- National Trust
The National Trust is responsible for several castles and historic buildings in Wales.
Many of our castles are maintained by CADW.